Raschia Google Places in puro Python

A causa delle varie protezioni (Recaptcha, contenuto dinamico, nomi di tag dinamici, controlli IP, ecc.) lo scraping di Google Maps in puro python è un compito impegnativo anche se hai esperienza sul campo.

Prima di tutto, avrai bisogno di un sacco di buoni proxy. Fai attenzione ai Recaptcha e assicurati di cambiare il proxy una volta che ne hai affrontato uno.

In secondo luogo, si consiglia di utilizzare l'emulazione del browser per raschiare Google in modo da affrontare meno Recaptcha durante il processo. Sebbene richieda una buona macchina per eseguire i browser, questo può aiutarti in modo significativo a emulare il comportamento dell'utente reale.

Con gli strumenti sopra descritti e con una mezza esperienza nel settore del web scraping, sarai pronto ad affrontare le molteplici sfide previste per te.

Elimina Google Places in Python entro 6 minuti

Lo sviluppo del raschietto di Google Maps e la sua manutenzione potrebbero richiedere molto tempo. Pertanto, molti team di ingegneri trovano vantaggioso per loro concentrarsi sul loro campo principale e utilizzare Outscraper come fonte affidabile di dati per le loro piattaforme.

Iniziamo:

1. Avrai bisogno di python3+ e questo pacchetto Python. Installa il pacchetto eseguendo il comando:

				
					pip install google-services-api
				
			

2. Ottieni la tua chiave API da la pagina del profilo;

3. Importare il pacchetto e inizializzarlo con la chiave. Specifica le query per eseguire la ricerca ("Ristoranti vicino a Los Angeles, Stati Uniti d'America"):

				
					from outscraper import ApiClient


api_cliet = ApiClient(api_key='KEY_FROM_OUTSCRAPER')
response = api_cliet.google_maps_search(
    'Restaurants near Los Angeles, USA',
    language='en',
    region='es',
    limit=100
)
				
			

4. Attendi qualche secondo finché i dati non verranno recuperati:

				
					[
    {
        "name": "Sushi Gen",
        "full_address": "422 E 2nd St, Los Angeles, CA 90012",
        "borough": "Little Tokyo",
        "street": "422 E 2nd St",
        "city": "Los Angeles",
        "postal_code": "90012",
        "country_code": "US",
        "country": "United States of America",
        "us_state": "California",
        "state": "California",
        "plus_code": null,
        "latitude": 34.0466917,
        "longitude": -118.2385444,
        "time_zone": "America/Los_Angeles",
        "site": "http://www.sushigen-dtla.com/",
        "phone": "+1 213-617-0552",
        "type": "Sushi restaurant",
        "subtypes": "Sushi restaurant, Japanese restaurant",
        "posts": null,
        "rating": 4.6,
        "reviews": 1244,
        "reviews_data": null,
        "photos_count": 1261,
        "google_id": "0x80c2c63850150b9d:0x96cdcf9a38a24170",
        "place_id": "ChIJnQsVUDjGwoARcEGiOJrPzZY",
        "reviews_link": "https://search.google.com/local/reviews?placeid=ChIJnQsVUDjGwoARcEGiOJrPzZY&q=Restaurants+near+Los+Angeles,+USA&authuser=0&hl=en&gl=US",
        "reviews_id": "-7580174336512605840",
        "photo": "https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/p/AF1QipMtt0bMtJTF1bDTZ2tbXuWXtZTNWmvjJUu3ejKy",
        "working_hours_old_format": "Monday: Closed | Tuesday: 11AM\u20132PM,5\u20137:30PM | Wednesday: 11AM\u20132PM,5\u20137:30PM | Thursday: 11AM\u20132PM,5\u20137:30PM | Friday: 11AM\u20132PM,5\u20138PM | Saturday: 4\u20138PM | Sunday: Closed",
        "working_hours": {
            "Monday": "Closed",
            "Tuesday": "11AM\u20132PM,5\u20137:30PM",
            "Wednesday": "11AM\u20132PM,5\u20137:30PM",
            "Thursday": "11AM\u20132PM,5\u20137:30PM",
            "Friday": "11AM\u20132PM,5\u20138PM",
            "Saturday": "4\u20138PM",
            "Sunday": "Closed"
        },
        "business_status": "OPERATIONAL",
        "about": {
            "Service options": {
                "Takeout": true,
                "Delivery": false
            },
            "Health & safety": {
                "Mask required": true
            },
            "Highlights": {
                "Great tea selection": true
            },
            "Popular for": {
                "Lunch": true,
                "Dinner": true,
                "Solo dining": true
            },
            "Accessibility": {
                "Wheelchair accessible entrance": true
            },
            "Offerings": {
                "Healthy options": true,
                "Small plates": true
            },
            "Dining options": {
                "Dessert": true
            },
            "Amenities": {
                "High chairs": true
            },
            "Atmosphere": {
                "Casual": true,
                "Cozy": true
            },
            "Crowd": {
                "Groups": true,
                "Tourists": true
            },
            "Planning": {
                "Dinner reservations recommended": true,
                "Accepts reservations": true,
                "Usually a wait": true
            }
        },
        "range": "$$$",
        "reviews_per_score": {
            "1": 25,
            "2": 14,
            "3": 52,
            "4": 291,
            "5": 862
        },
        "reserving_table_link": null,
        "booking_appointment_link": null,
        "owner_id": "100930306416993024046",
        "verified": true,
        "owner_title": "Sushi Gen",
        "owner_link": "https://www.google.com/maps/contrib/100930306416993024046",
        "location_link": "https://www.google.com/maps/place/Sushi+Gen/@34.0466917,-118.2385444,14z/data=!4m8!1m2!2m1!1sSushi+Gen!3m4!1s0x80c2c63850150b9d:0x96cdcf9a38a24170!8m2!3d34.0466917!4d-118.2385444"
    },
    {
        "name": "Water Grill",
        "full_address": "544 S Grand Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90071",
        "borough": "Financial District",
        "street": "544 S Grand Ave",
        "city": "Los Angeles",
        "postal_code": "90071",
        "country_code": "US",
        "country": "United States of America",
        "us_state": "California",
        "state": "California",
        "plus_code": null,
        "latitude": 34.0490403,
        "longitude": -118.25470659999999,
        "time_zone": "America/Los_Angeles",
        "site": "https://www.watergrill.com/la",
        "phone": "+1 213-891-0900",
        "type": "Seafood restaurant",
        "subtypes": "Seafood restaurant",
        "posts": null,
        "rating": 4.4,
        "reviews": 1387,
        "reviews_data": null,
        "photos_count": 1429,
        "google_id": "0x80c2c7b4901ce7c7:0x2ad996c9a82b097c",
        "place_id": "ChIJx-cckLTHwoARfAkrqMmW2So",
        "reviews_link": "https://search.google.com/local/reviews?placeid=ChIJx-cckLTHwoARfAkrqMmW2So&q=Restaurants+near+Los+Angeles,+USA&authuser=0&hl=en&gl=US",
        "reviews_id": "3087664812393171324",
        "photo": "https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/p/AF1QipPX7-DP07mvQQSxDjDjuOVYj9HlQ2bvNJ_EEZYW",
        "working_hours_old_format": "Monday: 11:30AM\u20139PM | Tuesday: 11:30AM\u20139PM | Wednesday: 11:30AM\u20139PM | Thursday: 11:30AM\u20139PM | Friday: 11:30AM\u201310PM | Saturday: 4\u201310PM | Sunday: 4\u20139PM",
        "working_hours": {
            "Monday": "11:30AM\u20139PM",
            "Tuesday": "11:30AM\u20139PM",
            "Wednesday": "11:30AM\u20139PM",
            "Thursday": "11:30AM\u20139PM",
            "Friday": "11:30AM\u201310PM",
            "Saturday": "4\u201310PM",
            "Sunday": "4\u20139PM"
        },
        "business_status": "OPERATIONAL",
        "about": {
            "Service options": {
                "Takeout": true,
                "Dine-in": true,
                "Delivery": false
            },
            "Health & safety": {
                "Mask required": true,
                "Staff wear masks": true,
                "Staff get temperature checks": true,
                "Staff required to disinfect surfaces between visits": true
            },
            "Highlights": {
                "Great dessert": true
            },
            "Popular for": {
                "Lunch": true,
                "Dinner": true,
                "Solo dining": true
            },
            "Accessibility": {
                "Wheelchair accessible entrance": true,
                "Wheelchair accessible seating": true
            },
            "Offerings": {
                "Alcohol": true,
                "Beer": true,
                "Cocktails": true,
                "Coffee": true,
                "Hard liquor": true,
                "Healthy options": true,
                "Late-night food": true,
                "Small plates": true,
                "Vegetarian options": true,
                "Wine": true
            },
            "Dining options": {
                "Lunch": true,
                "Dinner": true,
                "Dessert": true,
                "Seating": true
            },
            "Amenities": {
                "Bar onsite": true,
                "High chairs": true,
                "Restroom": true,
                "Wi-Fi": true
            },
            "Atmosphere": {
                "Cozy": true,
                "Romantic": true,
                "Upscale": true
            },
            "Crowd": {
                "Family-friendly": true,
                "Groups": true,
                "Tourists": true
            },
            "Planning": {
                "Lunch reservations recommended": true,
                "Dinner reservations recommended": true,
                "Accepts reservations": true
            }
        },
        "range": "$$$",
        "reviews_per_score": {
            "1": 27,
            "2": 32,
            "3": 97,
            "4": 408,
            "5": 823
        },
        "reserving_table_link": "https://www.watergrill.com/la#RESERVATIONS",
        "booking_appointment_link": "https://www.watergrill.com/la#RESERVATIONS",
        "owner_id": "116715188720123884576",
        "verified": true,
        "owner_title": "Water Grill",
        "owner_link": "https://www.google.com/maps/contrib/116715188720123884576",
        "location_link": "https://www.google.com/maps/place/Water+Grill/@34.0490403,-118.25470659999999,14z/data=!4m8!1m2!2m1!1sWater+Grill!3m4!1s0x80c2c7b4901ce7c7:0x2ad996c9a82b097c!8m2!3d34.0490403!4d-118.25470659999999"
    },
    ...
]

				
			

Tutorial su come raschiare Google Maps in Python


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Pacchetto Python ► https://pypi.org/project/google-services-api
API in tempo reale di Google Maps Places ► https://outscraper.com/google-maps-api

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